Understanding the Causes of Dry Eyes: Exploring Common Triggers!

Understanding the Causes of Dry Eyes: Exploring Common Triggers!

Our eyes play a pivotal role as the windows to the world. However, the delicate nature of the ocular system renders it susceptible to a myriad of challenges, giving rise to what are often referred to as “common eye problems.” These issues, ranging from minor irritations to more serious conditions, can impact individuals of all ages, genders, and backgrounds.

Among all the common problems, dry eyes are something that are very problematic. In this article we will explore about dry eyes in detail. Keep on reading to know about the causes of dry eyes in detail!

About Dry Eyes:

Dry eyes, also known as dry eye syndrome or keratoconjunctivitis sicca, is a common eye condition that occurs when the eyes do not produce enough tears or when the quality of tears is poor. Tears are essential for maintaining the health of the front surface of the eye and for providing clear vision. When the eyes are unable to produce an adequate quantity or quality of tears, it can lead to discomfort, irritation, and vision problems.

Causes of dry eyes:

Dry eyes treatment in Delhi NCR can result from various factors, and the causes are often multifaceted. Here are common reasons why individuals may experience dry eyes:


As people age, the natural aging process can lead to a decrease in tear production and quality, making older individuals more prone to dry eyes.


Women are more likely to experience dry eyes than men, especially during hormonal changes such as pregnancy, the use of oral contraceptives, and menopause.

Environmental Factors:

Exposure to environmental conditions such as dry or windy climates, smoke, air conditioning, and prolonged periods of screen time can contribute to the evaporation of tears and the development of dry eyes.

Medical Conditions:

Certain systemic conditions, such as diabetes, rheumatoid arthritis, thyroid disorders, and Sjögren’s syndrome, can affect tear production and contribute to dry eyes.


The use of certain medications, including antihistamines, decongestants, antidepressants, and medications for high blood pressure, can reduce tear production or affect the composition of tears.


Inflammation of the eyelids, known as blepharitis, can disrupt the normal functioning of the meibomian glands, which are responsible for producing the oil layer of tears, leading to dry eyes.

Meibomian Gland Dysfunction (MGD):

Dysfunction of the meibomian glands, which secrete oils that help prevent tears from evaporating too quickly, can contribute to the development of dry eyes.

Contact Lens Use:

Prolonged use of contact lenses, especially in environments with low humidity, can contribute to dry eyes by reducing the stability of the tear film.

Incomplete Blinking:

Staring at screens for extended periods can lead to incomplete blinking, reducing the distribution of tears across the surface of the eyes and contributing to dryness.

Tips to deal with dry eyes:

Some important tips to follow with dry eyes are:

Stay Hydrated:

Drinking an adequate amount of water is crucial for overall health, including eye health. Proper hydration helps maintain the balance of fluids in your body, including the tears that keep your eyes moist.

Blink Regularly, Especially During Screen Time:

Prolonged periods of staring at screens can lead to reduced blinking and increased evaporation of tears. Make a conscious effort to blink regularly, and consider following the 20-20-20 rule—take a 20-second break to look at something 20 feet away every 20 minutes.

Use Artificial Tears or Lubricating Eye Drops:

Over-the-counter artificial tears can provide relief by supplementing your natural tear production. Choose preservative-free eye drops and follow the recommended dosage. Use them as needed, especially in dry or windy environments.

Adjust Your Environment:

Create a more eye-friendly environment by using a humidifier to add moisture to the air, particularly in dry climates or during the winter months. Avoid exposure to smoke and position yourself away from air vents or drafts that can contribute to evaporation of tears.

Practice Good Eyelid Hygiene:

If you have blepharitis or meibomian gland dysfunction, keeping your eyelids clean can help manage dry eyes. Use a warm compress to soften the oil in the glands and gently clean the eyelid margins with a mild, tear-free cleanser.

Consider Omega-3 Fatty Acids in Your Diet:

Incorporate foods rich in omega-3 fatty acids, such as salmon, flaxseeds, and walnuts, into your diet. These fatty acids have anti-inflammatory properties that may benefit the health of your eyes and contribute to a more stable tear film.

Follow Professional Advice:

If your dry eye symptoms persist or worsen, it’s essential to consult with an eye care professional. They can perform a comprehensive eye examination to determine the underlying cause of your dry eyes and recommend tailored treatment options, which may include prescription medications or other interventions.

Reach Dr. Suresh Garg at Eye Hospital in Delhi for treatment!

For individuals seeking specialized and expert care for their eye health, Dr. Suresh Garg at the Eye Hospital in Delhi stands as a beacon of excellence. Renowned for his extensive expertise in ophthalmology, he is committed to providing comprehensive and personalized treatment for various eye conditions. With state-of-the-art facilities and a patient-centric approach, the Eye Hospital in Delhi offers a range of services, from routine eye examinations to advanced surgical interventions.


What are some lifestyle adjustments I can make to alleviate dry eyes?

Making simple lifestyle changes, such as staying hydrated, taking breaks during prolonged screen use, and using a humidifier in dry environments, can help manage dry eyes. Additionally, avoiding smoke and protecting your eyes from harsh winds can be beneficial.

Are there specific eye drops or lubricants recommended for managing dry eyes?

Yes, artificial tears or lubricating eye drops are often recommended to relieve dry eyes. It’s essential to choose preservative-free formulations and follow the recommended dosage. Your eye care professional can provide guidance on selecting the most suitable eye drops for your specific condition.

Can dietary choices impact dry eyes, and are there specific foods that may help?

Yes, certain dietary choices can influence eye health. Foods rich in omega-3 fatty acids, such as fish, flaxseeds, and walnuts, may have anti-inflammatory properties that can benefit dry eyes. Drinking plenty of water and maintaining a balanced diet with vitamins A, C, and E can also contribute to overall eye health.

How often should I take breaks during screen time to prevent dry eyes?

The 20-20-20 rule is often recommended: take a 20-second break to look at something 20 feet away every 20 minutes of screen time. This helps reduce eye strain and encourages regular blinking, preventing the eyes from drying out.

When should I seek professional help for my dry eyes, and what treatments are available?

If over-the-counter remedies and lifestyle changes do not sufficiently alleviate your dry eye symptoms, it’s advisable to consult with an eye care professional. They can conduct a thorough examination to identify the underlying cause and recommend appropriate treatments, which may include prescription medications, therapeutic procedures, or in some cases, surgical interventions.